Department of Dermatology
Skin is the largest organ of body. It continually regenerates itself through life, though the process becomes slower as we grow older. Skin reflects the general state of a person’s health. A sensible well planned lifestyle helps to keep skin healthy. The most obvious functions of the skin are to provide a protective physical barrier between the body and the environment. The skin is important in the regulation of body temperature. Under the influence of sunlight, the skin is the site of vitamin D synthesis.
The skin is of major importance in our body image and in fact skin diseases can cause psychosocial problems. In addition, skin diseases not only cause stress of depression, but psychological stress from another cause can exacerbate, or even be involved in causation of, some skin diseases.
Many environment and occupational factors also frequently cause skin problems in some individuals. Excessive exposure to sunrays can harm the skin & cause premature aging & can also exacerbate certain skin diseases like SLE. Extremes of temperature can cause certain changes of skin which needs treatment. Maintaining hygiene is of utmost importance in preventing skin diseases.
Most cosmetics are harmless but some contain chemicals which when applied to the skin can occasionally cause irritation or setup an allergy. The first sign for such an allergy is itching, and later redness occurs where the cosmetic has been applied.
This might be followed by the development of eczema and can spread to other part of the body. In adolescence the skin procedure more grease than at other times mostly on the face and upper trunk. In many young people it is excessive and leads to blocking of pores causing Acne.
Contrary to the common belief, many skin disorders are not contagious. However, there are certain skin disorders like infections and infestations which transmit from human to human. Though prompt diagnosis and treatment ensures complete recovery. People ignorant of this fact socially isolate these patients.
Some skin diseases have a prolong course and needs regular treatment and follow-up. There are few skin conditions that are life threatening; they need emergency care and hospital admission.
It’s a usual practice to try home remedies for skin diseases which at times can lead to worsening of the condition It is advisable to seek consultation of a dermatologist in case of a skin disorder. A dermatologist will take relevant history and do examination then give advice how to treat as well as how to prevent it. In some instances laboratory tests are instrumental aids. Certain skin diseases require skin biopsy for confirming the diagnosis.
Dermatology clinics are conducted on a daily basis. Patients of all ages are treated. Referrals from different specialties ate attended in outpatients and in wards.